APPLICATE (Advanced Prediction in Polar regions and beyond: modelling, observing system design and LInkages associated with a Changing Arctic climaTE) is a €8 million project, financed by the EU HORIZON 2020 Research and Innovation programme and involves 16 partners from nine countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom). The project will be carried out over a period of four years.
The multinational and multidisciplinary consortium will work to enhance weather and climate prediction capabilities not only in the Arctic, but also in Europe, Asia, and North America. A focus on the Arctic is important for improved predictions of weather and climate in the mid-latitudes because the changes taking place in the Arctic due to climate change—the retreat of sea ice, warming seas and a warming atmosphere—have the potential to influence weather and climate in the mid-latitudes.
The impacts of severe weather on commerce and infrastructure can be significant, so having adequate tools to predict when and how severe weather systems will affect Europe, Asia and North America is vital to inhabitants of these regions. The APPLICATE project is bringing together an international team of experts in weather and climate prediction to improve climate and weather forecasting models to work on improving prediction tools while expanding and improving observational capabilities in the Arctic.
The APPLICATE project also involves a strong education, training and outreach component in order to train the next generation of experts and raise awareness about the benefits of improved climate and weather forecasting. Members of the APPLICATE consortium will engage with stakeholders who use weather and climate forecasts to obtain constructive feedback, allowing the models and forecasts to be constantly improved and updated, taking into account user needs. Early career scientists in climate-related fields will have the opportunity to participate in a summer school and webinar lectures, while the general public will be able to learn about the project thanks to specially-produced informational videos and publications.
The primary objectives of ARICE are to increase the co-ordination of available European heavy icebreakers and to create a mechanism for a more cost-effective use of existing polar research vessels through transnational harmonisation of scientific and operational planning
The Beyond EPICA – Oldest Ice (BE-OI) consortium and its international partners unite a globally unique concentration of scientific expertise and infrastructure for ice-core investigations. BE-OI is an EU Coordination and Support Action (CSA). It delivers the technical, scientific and financial basis for a comprehensive plan to retrieve an ice core up to 1.5 million years old in a future project during the Beyond EPICA – Drilling Phase. This would be an important contribution for the future exploration of Antarctica and promises unique insights about climate and the global carbon fluxes. This knowledge will improve future prognoses of climate development with solid quantitative data and will allow establishing more targeted strategies, to cope with the societal challenges of global change.
BE-OI is the European contribution for the global search for a suitable site for a ice-core deep drilling. The consortium takes care of the pre-site surveys for site selection around Dome C and Dome Fuji, both potentially appropriate regions in East Antarctica. Other science consortia will investigate other regions under the umbrella of the International Partnerships in Ice Core Sciences (IPICS).
Ten countries are represented by 14 of Europe's internationally-respected research institutions, a globally unique concentration of scientific expertise and infrastructure for ice-core investigations.
Blue-Action will provide fundamental and empirically-grounded, executable science that quantifies and explains the role of a changing Arctic in increasing predictive capability of weather and climate of the Northern Hemisphere.
To achieve this Blue-Action will take a transdisciplinary approach, bridging scientific understanding within Arctic climate, weather and risk management research, with key stakeholder knowledge of the impacts of climatic weather extremes and hazardous events; leading to the co-design of better services.
This bridge will build on innovative statistical and dynamical approaches to predict weather and climate extremes.
In dialogue with users, Blue-Arctic will take stock of existing knowledge about cross-sectoral impacts and vulnerabilities with respect to the occurrence of these events when associated to weather and climate predictions.
Modeling and prediction capabilities will be enhanced by targeting firstly, lower latitude oceanic and atmospheric drivers of regional Arctic changes and secondly, Arctic impacts on Northern Hemisphere climate and weather extremes.
Coordinated multi-model experiments will be key to test new higher resolution model configurations. Innovative methods to reduce forecast error, and advanced methods to improve uptake of new Earth observations assets are planned.
Blue-Action thereby demonstrates how such an uptake may assist in creating better optimised observation system for various modelling applications.
CACHE is a €3.6M Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) funded by the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the EU’s Seventh Framework programme FP7/2007-2013/ under REA grant agreement n° 13. It brings together 10 partners from 6 different European countries and includes three SMEs and a shellfish consultancy. It started on November 1st 2013 and will run for 4 years.
Our world is changing: our oceans are becoming warmer and more acidic. Understanding the consequences of this is one of the big science challenges of the 21st Century. The oceans of the planet are closely linked with human health and wellbeing, through their impact on climate and their socio-economic importance.. This network will study how shells are produced and controlled in four of Europe’s most important commercial marine shellfish species, oysters, mussels, clams and scallops.
EISCAT-3D is a three dimensional imaging radar located in Arctic Europe, in the auroral zone. This system will update the existing EISCAT facilities. The radar array will be making continuous measurements of the geospace environment and its coupling to the Earth's atmosphere.
Eurofleets 2 is a EU funded initiative designed to allow for greater consolidation of EU research vessels; integrating a common Polar vision within its strategic plan.
FIX03 aims to integrate European open ocean fixed point observatories and widen access to these installations from the wider community.
ICE-ARC (Ice, Climate, Economics - Arctic Research on Change) is a programme funded by the EU's 7th Framework Programme. It is a 4 year project that started on the 1st January 2014, and will look into the current and future changes in Arctic sea ice - both from changing atmospheric and oceanic conditions.
The Arctic marine environment is experiences change at an unprecedented pace which is very likely caused by greenhouse gas induced global warming. The ICE-ARC project aims to understand and quantify the multiple stresses involved in the change with a particular focus on the rapid retreat and collapse of the Arctic sea ice cover and to assess the climatic (ice, ocean, atmosphere and ecosystem), economic, and social impacts of these stresses on regional and global scales.
The overall objective of INTAROS is to develop an integrated Arctic Observation System (iAOS) by extending, improving andunifying existing systems in the different regions of the Arctic. INTAROS will have a strong multidisciplinary focus, with tools for integration of data from atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere and terrestrial sciences, provided by institutions in Europe, NorthAmerica and Asia.
Satellite earth observation data plays an increasingly important role in such observing systems, because the amount of EO data for observing the global climate and environment grows year by year. INTAROS will assess strengths and weaknesses of existing observing systems and contribute with innovative solutions to fill some ofthe critical gaps in the in situ observing network.
INTAROS will develop a platform, iAOS, to search for and access data from distributed databases. The evolution into a sustainable Arctic observingsystem requires coordination, mobilization and cooperation between the existing European and international infrastructures (in-situ and remote including space-based), the modeling communities and relevant stakeholder groups.
INTAROS will include development of community-based observing systems, where local knowledge is merged with scientific data. An integrated Arctic Observation System will enable better-informed decisions and better-documented processes within key sectors (e.g. local communities, shipping, tourism, fishing), in order to strengthen the societaland economic role of the Arcticregion and support the EU strategy for the Arctic and related maritime and environmental policies.
INTERACT is an infrastructure project, a circumarctic network of currently 71 terrestrial field bases. Funded by the EU, the main objective is to build capacity for identifying, understanding, predicting and responding to diverse environmental changes as wide environmental issues and land-use envelopes the Arctic. As the Arctic is so vast and so sparsely populated environmental observing capacity is limited compared to most other latitudes so a network of co-operative bases is vital.
The PAGE21 consortium is be made up of leading European and international permafrost specialists, covering the entire spectrum of research from field studies, process studies, and remote sensing to global climate modeling. The consortium consists of 18 international partners from the following countries: Austria, Denmark, Germany, Finland, France, Great Britain, Island, Netherlands, Norway, Russian Federation and Sweden. PAGE21 will form the basis for accurate representation of permafrost-related processes in global climate projections, the lack of which has, until now, hampered assessments of the feedbacks of Arctic carbon pools to global climate change.